Cats have been an enigma to we humans for centuries, so let's reveal the truth once and for all.
Cats always land on their feet
No they don't. Cats have a 'righting reflex' which allows them to instinctively flex and twist their bodies to get their feet underneath them before they land.
This works as long as they have enough time to right themselves. If they don't, no matter what the height, they can suffer serious injuries.
Similarly there are amazing stories of cats falling from great heights and surviving, but these are the exceptions, not the rule, who are often left with lifelong health problems.
As with any animal, cats can be severely injured or killed falling from any height.
The best idea, if you live in a multi-storey building, is to keep windows closed or ensure they are fitted with screens to prevent falls.
A purring cat is a happy cat
Generally yes, but purring is a complex action.
It is a sound which helps comfort and soothe and is also a sign of contentment, however, cats also purr when they are frightened and in pain.
Cats cannot be trained
Most cats can be trained, although it's usually a case of the cat training the owner.
In general cats are motivated by food, but must be the right type of food.
Also, cats don't make a negative connection between bad behaviour and punishment, they see it all as attention, even when you yell at them ... so reward the positive and ignore the negative.
Confining cats is cruel
If a cat is kept indoors without any mental or physical stimulation then it is a welfare issue, but in a home that meets their enrichment needs, they will be content and happy.
It can also be good for their health. Protected from some infectious diseases, fights and car accidents, indoor cats can live longer than outdoor cats.
But it does take some work.
Cats need places for climbing and hiding, somewhere to scratch their claws that isn't the couch and somewhere private and quiet to, ah, take care of business. In fact they'll probably need a couple of litter trays around the house kept clean and fresh.
The indoor puss needs cosy napping spots as well as toys and playtime with their humans, providing essential exercise.
Cats use every sense every day so give them lots of things which stimulate all of those amazing senses, including smell.
An indoor cat's diet is also slightly different to a cat that spends time outside. They often need a less energy-dense food because of their lifestyle.
Food can also be used as enrichment with a great range of puzzles and toys available to keep puss busy in mind and body.