For thousands of years, cenotaphs have been used to remember people who are buried elsewhere.
The word cenotaph comes from Greek and means 'empty tomb'.
Cenotaphs were common in the ancient world, with many built in Egypt, Greece and across northern Europe.
They've been used as a monument which is erected in honour of a person or group of people such as the lost soldiers of a country or an empire, whose remains are elsewhere.
In Australia, Anzac Day commemorations are usually held at all of the nation's many war memorials, but not all of them are cenotaphs.
The Griffith Cenotaph was erected in the Memorial Park and completed in 1940.
Mr Arthur Buckley Long, an Englishman, was a civil engineer and architect who arrived via South Africa in Australia in 1912.
Mr Long got a job with the Water Conservation and Irrigation Commission, eventually settling in Griffith.
He designed many Griffith homes, the Griffith War Memorial complex and the cenotaph.
Harry A Hurley and F J Clarke of Griffith had the job of building the cenotaph.
Only dates and texts were displayed on the cenotaph when it was first built.
On the south-facing front, which faces Banna Avenue: '1914, Lest We Forget'.
On the north-west face of the cenotaph reads: '1918, To Our Glorious Dead'.
There was no roll of honour of local World War I servicemen.
The memorial, facing south is a concrete rendered tower of tapered shape and triangular in cross section, it stands 12.19 metres tall.
To accentuate the height, three tapered projecting vertical ribs extend from the base to three quarters of the way up the tower.
There are two accompanying flag poles and a door on the east side leading into the interior.
The cenotaph is set in the centre of a two stepped concrete and brick paver hexagon shaped base bounded with a long chain fence.
Pencil perspective drawings were done by Arthur Buckley Long with Allan Brayne doing the dimensions and working drawings.
It is situation on the north side of Banna Avenue.
Mrs R H Bradbury, who worked strenuously in a campaign to raise funds for its construction, unveiled the cenotaph as part of an Anzac Day service in Griffith, on April 25, 1940.
FILLING THE MISSING GAPS IN OUR CITY'S HISTORY
When first built, Griffith's Cenotaph didn't have names of the soldiers who gave their lives serving their country.
This changed in 1950 when a World War II honour roll was unveiled during an Anzac Day service.
It consisted of a bronze plaque, placed on the south-facing front with 98 names on it of servicemen who made the supreme sacrifice and who had an association with Griffith.
Terry Walsh, the late Vince Neville, Margaret Tucker and Theo Bollen started a research project in 2015.
Their goal was to compile nominal and honour rolls of World War I servicemen, as well as review the World War II 1950 honour roll and address the absence of World World I names on the cenotaph.
Many sources, locally and nationally were visited or accessed through the internet.
The criteria used for names to be included on the Griffith rolls were the same as those used by the Australian War Memorial.
That is; 'Association with the place of local government through either birth, residence, next of kin, work or enlistment' and for the honour roll also 'killed in action' or 'died of wounds' sustained in conflict were a prerequisite.
The results showed that of 141 possible World War I enlistments, 88 had an association with Griffith and that 18 of those complied with the honour roll criteria.
The World War II records showed about 900 local enlistments with 104 names now on the honour roll.
A new updated plaque on the cenotaph was dedicated on November 11, 2018 - 100 years after Armistice Day 1918.
All those whose names are on the cenotaph have a personal record with details about their service are on display in the Griffith War Memorial Museum which is open to the public.
ANZAC DAY SERVICE TIMES
Dawn service starts at 5.30am at the cenotaph in Memorial Park.
The Griffith Exies Club will host breakfast at 6.30am. Breakfast is $5 with money raised going to the NSW RSL. Tickets will be available at the dawn service only.
The march will start from Memorial Hall, with veterans and relatives asked to assemble at 10.15am before marching to Memorial Park alongside Griffith City Band and the St Mary's Pipe Band.
Dawn service to be held at Yenda Diggers Club from 6am, with breakfast to follow immediately. Breakfast is $10 with money raised going to the NSW RSL.
March to start at 10.30am at the Diggers Club, with a service to begin at Memorial Park at 11am.
Dawn service begins at 5.45am. Tea and coffee will follow.
March will go from post office to council chambers. Assemble at post office at 10.45am. Morning tea will then be served at the Darlington Point Sports Club.